THE REPUBLIC OF MARI-EL - YOSHKAR OLA: Yoshkar-Ola is the capital city of the Mari El Republic, Russian Federation. Having one airport, the city is also situated along the railway line between Moscow and Kazan. Yoshkar Ola means red city in Mari language, the Cheremis. The city was also known as Krasnokokshaysk during the reign of Tsars (Charla in Cheremis). These names were derived from the name of the Malaya Kokshaga River, which runs through the city. In the coat of arms of the city, fallow deer is used.